Cancer Incidences Increasing Although Fewer Deaths found in Middle-aged Adults


According to Cancer Research UK, by 2040, initiatives that target alcohol, obesity, and smoking could avert about 37,000 cases. Despite an increase in incidence, middle-aged cancer deaths are at their lowest point in 25 years, according to new data.

The Cancer Research UK updated about lower smoking rates, improved treatment, and screening have all contributed to a sharp decline in death rates among those between the ages of 35 and 69.

Nevertheless, the nationwide study conducted in Britain cautioned that although survival rates are improving, the number of cancer cases is increasing, growing by 48% for women and 57% for men over the course of the study’s 25-year duration.

Male cancer cases increased from 55,014 in 1993 to 86,297 in 2018, while female cases increased from 60,187 to 88,970. Researchers found that increases in breast and prostate cancer, primarily as a result of improved screening, were the main causes of the surge.

On the other hand, there were “concerning” increases in kidney, liver, mouth, and melanoma malignancies.

Obesity, drinking, and inactivity are contributing factors to the rise in instances, which is also a result of population expansion. By 2040, programs aimed at reducing alcohol use, obesity, and smoking might potentially avert almost 37,000 deaths.

The study found that “substantial increases in incidence” of more than 2% each year in both sexes were observed for four cancers: kidney, liver, melanoma, and mouth. The study found a connection between these and lifestyle factors such alcohol use, smoking, sun exposure, and obesity.

“Increases in liver cancer incidence and mortality for both men and women are very concerning, with nearly one in two attributable to modifiable risk factors,” they said. “With high prevalence of overweight and obesity and diabetes in the general population, other studies expect the rates to remain high.”

Thirteen cancers, including stomach, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, breast, uterus, ovary, kidney, and thyroid cancers, can be brought on by being overweight or obese.

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