Summary of Acinetobacter infection


Acinetobacter is a genus of bacteria commonly found in soil, water, and healthcare settings. While many strains are harmless, some can cause infections, particularly in hospitalized patients with weakened immune systems.

Types of Infections

Acinetobacter infections can range from mild skin or wound infections to severe infections like pneumonia, bloodstream infections, and urinary tract infections.

Risk Factors

People at higher risk for Acinetobacter infections include those with compromised immune systems, patients on mechanical ventilation, individuals with invasive medical devices (such as catheters or breathing tubes), and those with prolonged hospital stays.


Acinetobacter infections typically spread through person-to-person contact, contact with contaminated surfaces or medical equipment, or exposure to contaminated water or soil.


Symptoms of Acinetobacter infections vary depending on the type and severity but may include fever, cough, difficulty breathing, wound redness or drainage, and urinary symptoms.


Diagnosis of Acinetobacter infections often involves culturing samples from affected sites (such as blood, sputum, wound, or urine) to identify the bacteria and determine antibiotic susceptibility.


Treatment of Acinetobacter infections can be challenging due to antibiotic resistance. Healthcare providers may prescribe antibiotics based on the specific strain's susceptibility testing, and combination therapy may be necessary for severe infections.


Preventing Acinetobacter infections involves strict adherence to infection control measures in healthcare settings, including hand hygiene, proper use of personal protective equipment, cleaning and disinfection of surfaces and medical equipment, and surveillance of antibiotic resistance patterns.